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How Do They Test Hurricane Windows?

Florida Building Code TAS 201 is the critical regulation that was imposed after Hurricane Andrew demolished the South Miami area back in 1992. This regulation is now the standard for hurricane windows and shutters in Miami-Dade County and the gold standard in the impact window world.

Tough New Standards

The current toughest standards for impact windows and doors have grown from that hurricane and the subsequent regulation changes. Now, window testing standards have been set by the Miami-Dade County Hurricane Approval Certification. The products that meet those tough standards are the best for protection in areas that see hurricanes as well as other windstorms and tornadoes.

New construction built in Florida now must meet stringent requirements for hurricane impact requirements. If you live in a high velocity zone in South Florida, your windows must meet one standard. If where you live is not considered a high velocity zone, they must meet another one.

The Miami-Dade County Hurricane Approval Certification

The Miami-Dade County Hurricane Approval Certification tests windows based on criteria that was enacted after the Florida building code changes of 2002. In order to get this certification, an impact window manufacturer must have the product tested by the organization and it must pass. These are tests that measure how much impact and pressure the window is able to sustain.

Two Important Tests

When it comes to testing, there are two important components: the Missile Test and the Cyclical Test. The Missile Test is further broken down into large and small missiles, depending on the use of the window and where it will be placed.

Impact requirements are measured by a large missile test as well as a small missile test.

  • The large missile test is where a 2’ by 4’ 9-pound piece of lumber is propelled by a “lumber cannon” at 50 feet per second (approximately 35 miles per hour) at the glass. The first missile will be shot at the middle of the window and the second at one of the corners. This is a requirement for windows that are used in buildings less than 30 feet in height.
  • The small missile test is where 10 small steel balls are propelled to strike the glass at 89 miles per hour. Hurricane glass used in buildings over 30 feet in height must pass this test.

After the Missile Test, the window goes on to the Cyclical Test. This ensures that the window will be able to sustain wind pressure during a storm.

Pressure is tested in both negative and positive terms. These simulate wind and ensure that the window will remain structurally intact at winds up to 200 miles per hour. The cyclical test performs both 4,500 positive cycles and 4,500 negative cycles in a pressure chamber. The results are then calculated in pounds per square foot.

Wind ratings will vary depending on the window.

Have questions about hurricane doors and windows in Florida? We have the answers.  Contact the hurricane window professionals at R&B Remodeling. We would be happy to give you a free installation quote.

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WINDOWS

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SLIDING GLASS DOOR

WINDOWS

CASEMENT
WINDOWS

ARE HINGED AT THE SIDE AND OPEN OUTWARD LIKE A DOOR. CASEMENTS ALSO HAVE AN EASY-TO-USE HANDLE. CASEMENT WINDOWS ARE IDEAL IN CASE OF EGRESS CODE IN BEDROOMS. HEAVY DUTY ALUMINUM, 5/16 AND 7/16 GLASS.

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WINDOWS

SINGLE HUNG
WINDOW

SINGLE HUNG WINDOW IS THE CLASSIC WINDOW STYLE. THEY FEATURE A BOTTOM SASH THAT SLIDES UP AND DOWN FOR VENTILATION AND SPIRAL BALANCES FOR EASY LIFTING. HEAVY DUTY ALUMINUM. CLEAR, TINT OR LOW E GLASS, 5/16 AND 7/16 GLASS.

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WINDOWS

SLIDER WINDOWS

IT HAS A BOTTOM TRACK AND A TOP TRACK OF THE WINDOW FRAME TO ALLOW THE RIGHT OR LEFT SASH TO SLIDE HORIZONTALLY FROM ONE SIDE. DEPENDING ON BUILDING REQUIREMENTS AND CLIENT DESIRES, THE PANEL THAT SLIDES CAN VARY. SLIDING WINDOWS CAN ALSO BE PLACED IN COMBINATIONS OF TWO AND THREE PANELS, WHERE ONE OR TWO PANELS MAY OPEN (XOX). HEAVY DUTY ALUMINUM, WHITE AND BRONZE FRAME FROM THE STANDARD STOCK, GRAY TINT, BRONZE TINT, CLEAR GLASS AND LOW-E. 5/16 AND 7/16 GLASS.

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WINDOWS

FIX WINDOWS

AS THE NAME SAYS IS A FIX WINDOW, IT COMES IN DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS, EYEBROWS, ARCH, RECTANGULAR. 7/16 GLASS WITH OR WITHOUT MUNTINS.

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SHAPE WINDOWS

SHAPE WINDOWS ARE THE SAME FIX WINDOWS BUT THEY COME IN DIFFERENT SHAPES AND SIZES. ALUMINUM FRAME WITH 7/16 GLASS WITH OR WITHOUT MUNTINS. THERE ARE ARCHES, TOMBSTONES, CIRCLES, HEXAGONS ANY SHAPE FOR CUSTOM NEEDS.

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WINDOWS

BAY OR BOW WINDOWS

BAY AND BOW WINDOWS ARE USUALLY LOCATED IN A NOOK OR A LIVING ROOM IN A HOUSE, IN THIS SPACE THE CUSTOMER CAN CHOOSE WHAT WINDOWS TO MATCH, IN THE BAY WINDOW ARE THREE WINDOWS IN AN ANGLE AND USUALLY A FIX IN THE MIDDLE AND TWO SINGLE HUNG ON THE SIDES. IN THE CASE OF THE BOW WINDOW THERE ARE FOUR OR MORE WINDOWS IN AN ANGLE, USUALLY ALL FIX WINDOWS OR EVEN SINGLE HUNG.

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DOORS

FRENCH PATIO DOORS

OUT SWING DOORS SINGLE OR DOUBLE, FRENCH DOORS ADD ELEGANCE TO A HOME AND OPENING SPACE. HEAVY DUTY ALUMINUM, FULL PERIMETER WEATHER STRIPPING FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY, HOMEOWNERS CAN CHOOSE THEIR LOCKS OR A THREE POINT LOCK SYSTEM. SIDELITES CAN BE ADDED ON BOTH SIDES OR ONE SIDE.

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DOORS

SLIDING PATIO DOOR

SLIDING PATIO DOORS GIVE MANY OPTIONS, THEY LET LIGHT INSIDE THE HOME. HEAVY DUTY ALUMINUM, 7/16 GLASS, HEAVY DUTY WHEELS, AND BIG INTERIOR PULL HANDLES.

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OUR PROCESS

PROCESS STEPS

  1. IN-HOME CONSULTATION
  • Measurements
  • Benefits Explanation
  • Samples
  • Estimate
  • Financing

2. GENERAL CONTRACTOR AND DESIGNER VISIT

  • General Contractor studies the house following building code
  • Exact measurements
  • Sketch
  • Designer will give input of curb appeal windows design

3. PRODUCTION

  • Computer sketch
  • Wind loads
  • City permit
  • Order windows
  • ETA
  • Project management updates
  • HOA process if applicable

4. INSTALLATION

  • Set date
  • Deliver windows
  • Install
  • Quality control
  • Inspection
  • Completion certificate
  • Reviews